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Welcome to the Dräger IMSBC Code website
Recommendation for personal protection and gas detection equipment based on the requirements of the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) code

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Gloves/Boots Eye Protection Protective Clothing (SOLAS) Masks and Filters SCBA and EEBD (MED / SOLAS) Gas Detectors (MED)

MED Approval for gas detetion devices
MED Approval required certificats of EMC, newest ATEX standard and measuring performance certificates: for Ex Sensor, Oxygen Sensor and Software

  • Dräger X-am 2000 (pending)
  • Dräger X-am 5000
  • Dräger X-am 5600
  • Dräger X am 7000
  • Dräger Pac 7000

MED Approval

  • Dräger accuro

SOLAS and MED approval for Self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) BA Sets

  • PAS Lite
  • PSS 3000
  • PSS 5000
  • PSS 7000

SOLAS and MED Approval for Escape equipment

  • Saver CF (10/15)
  • Saver PP (10/15)
  • Oxy K 30 H / HS / HW

SOLAS Approval for CPS

  • WorkMaster Pro-ET
  • WorkMaster Umex
  • WorkMaster Industry
  • TeamMaster Pro-ET
  • TeamMaster Umex
  • Dräger SPC 3800
  • Dräger CPS 5800
  • Dräger CPS 5900
  • Dräger CPS 7900

The Dräger IMSBC Code database provides information about personal protective equipment needed during stowage and shipment of bulk cargoes. In accordance with the  International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) code, the Dräger IMSBC Code provides information on the dangers associated with the shipment of certain types of solid bulk cargoes and provides an overview of the PPE required.

How does the Dräger IMSBC Code tool work?
Click on the alphabet the substance you need to ship. After selecting one or multiple substances you will read information about the Hazard and Precaution of the substance.
In the schedule you will find an overview of the personal protective equipment  needed according to IMSBC.

Click on the column titles for product information.

More information about the required or recommended products is also available on www.draeger.com, or contact your local Dräger office.

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Zirkonsand
Description
Usually fine white to yellow, very abrasive extracted from ilmenite sand. May be dusty.
Shipped dry.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Zinc Ashes, UN 1435
Hazards
In contact with moisture or water liable to give off hydrogen, a flammable gas, and toxic gases.
Precautions
For quantitative measurements of hydrogen, a suitable detector shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detector shall be of certified safe type for use in explosive atmosphere. The concentration of hydrogen in the cargo spaces carrying this cargo shall be measured regularly, during voyage, and the results of the measurements shall be recorded and kept on board.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear).
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Wood Pulp Pellets
Description
The pellets are brown in colour; very hard and cannot be easily squashed. They are light and are about half the size of a bottle cork. The pellets are made of compacted woodchips.
Hazard
This cargo possesses a chemical hazard. Some shipments may be subject to oxidation leading to depletion of oxygen and increase of carbon dioxide in cargo and adjacent spaces. With moisture content of 15% or more this cargo has a low fire-risk. As the moisture content decreases, the fire risk increases.
Precautions
Entry of personnel into the cargo spaces containing this cargo shall not be permitted until tests have been carried out and it has been established that the oxygen content has been restored to a normal level. In dry weather, dust, which settles on deck, will dry out quickly and becomes readily ignitable. Appropriate precautions shall be taken to prevent fire.
Wood Pellets
Description
The Wood Pellets are light blond to chocolate brown in colour; very hard and cannot be easily squashed. Wood Pellets have a typical specific density between 1,100 to 1,700 kg/m3 and a bulk density of 600 to 750 kg/m3. Wood Pellets are made of sawdust, planer shavings and other wood waste such as bark coming out of the lumber manufacturing processes. Normally there are no additives or binders blended into the pellet, unless specified. The raw material is fragmented, dried and extruded into pellet form. The raw material is compressed approximately 3.5 times and the finished Wood Pellets typically have a moisture content of 4 to 8%. Wood Pellets are used as a fuel in district heating and electrical power generation as well as a fuel for small space heaters such as stoves and fireplaces. Wood Pellets are also used as animal bedding due to the absorption characteristics. Such Wood Pellets typically have a moisture content of 8 to 10%.
Hazard
Shipments may be subject to oxidation leading to depletion of oxygen and increase of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in cargo and communicating spaces. Swelling if exposed to moisture. Wood Pellets may ferment over time if moisture content is over 15% leading to generation of asphyxiating and flammable gases which may cause spontaneous combustion. Handling of Wood Pellets may cause dust to develop. Risk of explosion at high dust concentration.
Precautions
Entry of personnel into cargo and adjacent confined spaces shall not be permitted until tests have been carried out and it has been established that the oxygen content and carbon monoxide levels have been restored to the following levels: oxygen 20.7% and carbon monoxide < 100 ppm. If these conditions are not met, additional ventilation shall be applied to the cargo hold or adjacent confined spaces and re-measuring shall be conducted after a suitable interval. An oxygen and carbon monoxide meter shall be worn and activated by all crew when entering cargo and adjacent enclosed spaces.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus and combined or individual oxygen and carbon monoxide meters should be available.
Woodchips
Description
Natural timber mechanically chipped into the approximate size of a business card.
Hazard
This material possesses a chemical hazard. Some shipments may be subject to oxidation leading to depletion of oxygen and increase of carbon dioxide in cargo and adjacent spaces. With moisture content of 15% or more this cargo has a low fire-risk. As the moisture content decreases the fire risk increases. When dry, woodchips can be easily ignited by external sources; are readily combustible and can ignite by friction. A condition with complete depletion of oxygen may be present in less than 48 hours.
Precautions
Entry of personnel into cargo and adjacent confined spaces should not be permitted until tests have been carried out and it has been established that the oxygen level is 20.7%. If this condition is not met, additional ventilation should be applied to the cargo hold or adjacent enclosed spaces and re-measuring shall be conducted after a suitable interval. --- An oxygen meter shall be worn and activated by all crew when entering cargo and adjacent
enclosed spaces.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Vermiculite
Description
A mineral of the mica group. Grey. Average moisture: 6% to 10%. May give off dust.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Vanadium Ore
Hazard
Dust may be toxic.
Precautions
Exposure of persons to dust should be minimized. --- Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Urea
Description
White, granular, and odourless commodity. Moisture content is less than 1%. Hygroscopic.
Hazard
This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet.
Tapioca
Description
Dry, dusty mixture of powder and granules.
Hazard
May heat spontaneously with oxygen depletion in the cargo space.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Tankage
Description
The dried sweeping of animal matter from slaughterhouse floors. Very dusty.
Hazard
Subject to spontaneous heating and possible ignition. Possibly infectious.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Superphosphate (triple, granular)
Description
Granular in form, dark grey colour and, depending on its source, can be dusty. Hygroscopic.
Hazard
This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet. --- Moisture from condensation, cargo heating or leaking hatchcovers may cause formation of phosphoric or phosphorous acid which may cause corrosion to steelwork.
Superphosphate
Description
Greyish-white. Moisture: 0% to 7%. Hygroscopic.
Hazard
This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet. --- Moisture from condensation, cargo heating or leaking hatchcovers may cause formation of phosphoric or phosphorous acid which may cause corrosion to steelwork.
Sulphur (crushed lump and coarse grained)
Description
A mineral substance found free in volcanic countries. Yellow in colour, brittle, insoluble in water, but readily fusible by heat. Sulphur is loaded in a damp or wet condition.
Hazard
Flammability and dust explosion especially during loading and unloading and after discharge and cleaning. This cargo may ignite readily.
Precautions
When this cargo is involved in a fire, a toxic, very irritating and suffocating gas is evolved. This cargo forms explosive and sensitive mixtures with most oxidizing material. This cargo has a liability to dust explosion, which may occur especially after discharge and during cleaning. --- Wet dust or residues may form highly corrosive sulphurous acid, which is extremely dangerous to personnel and corrosive to steel. Persons involved in cleaning up shall be provided with protective clothing, goggles and facemasks to wear.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Sulphur (formed, solid)
Description
A co-product recovered from sour gas processing or oil refinery operations that has beensubjected to a forming process that converts sulphur from a molten state into specific solid shapes (e.g., prills, granules, pellets, pastilles or flakes); bright yellow in colour; odourless. This schedule is not applicable to crushed, lump and coarse-grained sulphur (see SULPHUR UN 1350), or to co-products from sour gas processing or oil refinery operations NOT subjected to the above-described forming process.
Hazard
This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire risk. If involved in a fire, cargo may generate harmful gases. When handled and shipped in accordance with the provisions of the schedule, this cargo poses no corrosion or dust hazards for human tissue or vessel.
Precautions
Persons involved in cargo handling shall wear protective clothing, goggles and dust filter masks. Appropriate safety precautions shall be taken when entering the cargo spaces, particularly in the area of the bottom layers of sulphur in ships hold, taking into account the recommendations developed by the Organization.
Stainless Steel Grinding Dust
Description
Brown lumps: Moisture content 1% to 3%. May give off dust.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate Mixture, UN 1499
Description
A hygroscopic mixture, soluble in water
Hazard
Although non-combustible, mixtures with combustible material may readily ignite and burn fiercely. This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Sodium Nitrate, UN 1498
Description
Colourless, transparent, odourless crystals. Hygroscopic and soluble in water.
Hazard
Although non-combustible, mixtures with combustible material are readily ignited and may burn fiercely. This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Soda Ash (dense and light)
Description
Powdery; composed of white, odourless grains and dust. It is made by the combustion of salt and limestone. Soluble in water. Soda ash is ruined on contact with oil.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Silicomanganese (low carbon)
Description
Silicomanganese is an extremely heavy cargo, silvery metallic material with a grey oxide coating.
Hazard
In contact with water may evolve hydrogen, a flammable gas that may form explosive mixtures with air and may, under similar conditions produce phosphine and arsine, which are highly toxic gases. Cargo is liable to reduce oxygen content in a cargo space.
Precautions
Entry of personnel into enclosed spaces should not be permitted until tests have been carried out and it has been established that the oxygen content has been restored to a normal level throughout the space and that no toxic gas is present, unless adequate ventilation and air circulation throughout the free space above the material has been effected. --- For quantitative measurements of oxygen and flammable gases liable to be evolved by the cargo, a suitable detector for each gas or combination of gases shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detector shall be suitable for use in an atmosphere without oxygen and of certified safe type for use in explosive atmosphere. The concentrations of these gases in the cargo spaces carrying this cargo shall be measured regularly, during voyage, and the results of the measurements shall be recorded and kept on board.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Seed Cake, with not more than 1.5% oil and not more than 11% moisture, UN 2217
Description
Residue remaining after oil has been extracted by a solvent process from oil-bearing seeds.
The cereals and cereal products included in this schedule are those derived from: List see IMSBC Code.
Hazard
May self-heat slowly and, if wet or containing an excessive proportion of unoxidized oil, ignite nspontaneously. Liable to oxidize, causing subsequent reduction of oxygen in the cargo space. Carbon dioxide may also be produced.
Precautions
Entry of personnel into cargo spaces for this cargo shall not be permitted until tests have been carried out and it has been established that the oxygen content has been restored to a normal level.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Seed Cake, containing vegetable oil (b) solvent extractions and expelled seeds, containing not more than 10% of oil and when the amount of moisture is higher than 10%, not more than 20% of oil and moisture combined, UN 1386
Description
Residue remaining after oil has been extracted by a solvent process or expelled mechanically from oil-bearing seeds. The cereals and cereal products included in this schedule are those derived from: List see IMSBC Code.
Hazard
May self-heat slowly and, if wet or containing an excessive proportion of unoxidized oil, ignite spontaneously. Liable to oxidize, causing subsequent reduction of oxygen in the cargo space. Carbon dioxide may also be produced.
Precautions
In the case of solvent-extracted seed cakes the use of carbon dioxide or inert gas shall be withheld until it becomes apparent that fire is not liable to take place in the cargo space, to avoid the possibility of ignition of solvent vapours. Entry of personnel into cargo spaces for this cargo shall not be permitted until tests have been carried out and it has been established that the oxygen content has been restored to a normal level.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Seed Cake, containing vegetable oil (a) mechanically expelled seeds, containing more than 10% of oil or more than 20% of oil and moisture combined, UN 1386
Description
Residue remaining after oil has been expelled mechanically from oil-bearing seeds. The cereals and cereal products included in this schedule are those derived from: List see IMSBC Code.
Hazard
May self-heat slowly and, if wet or containing an excessive proportion of unoxidized oil, ignite spontaneously. Liable to oxidize, causing subsequent reduction of oxygen in the cargo space. Carbon dioxide may be produced.
Precautions
If self-heating continues, then carbon dioxide or inert gas shall be introduced to the cargo space. Entry of personnel into cargo spaces for this cargo shall not be permitted until tests have been carried out and it has been established that the oxygen content has been restored to a normal level.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Sawdust
Description
Fine particles of wood.
Hazard
Spontaneous combustion if not clean, dry and free from oil. Liable to cause oxygen depletion within the cargo space.
Sand
Description
Usually fine particles. Abrasive and dusty. Sands included in this schedule are:
FOUNDRY SAND SILICA SAND POTASSIUM FELSPAR SAND SODA FELSPAR SAND QUARTZ SAND.
Hazard
Inhalation of silica dust can result in respiratory disease. Silica particulates are easily transported by air and inhaled.
Industrial sand may be coated with resin and will cake if exposed to heat (55°C to 60°C).
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks.
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