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Welcome to the Dräger IMSBC Code website
Recommendation for personal protection and gas detection equipment based on the requirements of the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) code

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Gloves/Boots Eye Protection Protective Clothing (SOLAS) Masks and Filters SCBA and EEBD (MED / SOLAS) Gas Detectors (MED)

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Gypsum
Description
A natural Hydrated Calcium Sulphate. Insoluble in water. It is loaded as a fine powder that aggregates into lumps. Gypsum is not water soluble. Average moisture content is 1% to 2%.
Hazard
No special hazards.
This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.
Granulated Slag
Description
Residue from steelworks blast furnaces with a dirty grey, lumpy appearance. Iron: 0.5%.
Hazard
Slag dust is fine and has abrasive characteristics.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Fly Ash
Description
Fly Ash is the light, finely divided dusty fine powder residue from coal and oil fired power stations. Do not confuse with Calcined Pyrites.
Hazard
May shift when aerated.
This cargo is non-combustible or has low fire risk.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Fluorspar
Description
Yellow, green or purple crystals. Coarse dust.
Hazard
Harmful and irritating by dust inhalation.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Fishmeal (fishscrap), stabilized, anti-oxidant treated, UN 2216
Description
Brown to greenish-brown material obtained through heating and drying of oily fish. Moisture content: greater than 5% but not exceeding 12%, by mass. Strong odour may affect other cargo. Fat content; not more than 15%, by mass. The provisions of this entry should not apply to consignments of fishmeal, Group C, which are accompanied by a certificate issued by the competent authority of the country of shipment, stating that the material has no self-heating properties when transported in bulk.
Hazard
Liable to heat spontaneously unless has low fat content or effectively anti-oxidant treated. Liable
to cause oxygen depletion in cargo space.
Precautions
A suitable equipment for quantitative measurement of the concentration of oxygen in the cargo
space shall be provided on board the ship.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Fish (in bulk)
Description
Fish carried in bulk after freezing.
Precautions
After completion of discharge, attention shall be paid to residues of this cargo, which are liable to decompose resulting in emission of toxic gases and depletion of oxygen.
Fertilizers without Nitrates (non-hazardous)
Description
Powder and granular. Greenish, brown or beige in colour. Odourless. Very low moisture content (0% to 1%). Hygroscopic.
Hazard
This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet.
Precautions
No special requirements.
Ferrous Metal Borings, Shavings, Turnings or Cuttings in a form liable to self-heating
Description
Metal drillings usually wet or contaminated with such materials as unsaturated cutting oil, oily rags and other combustible material.
This schedule should not apply to consignments of materials which are accompanied by a declaration submitted prior to loading by the shipper and stating that they have no self-heating properties when transported in bulk.
Hazard
Only an abstract, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
These materials are liable to self-heat and ignite spontaneously, particularly when in a finely divided form, wet or contaminated with such materials, as unsaturated cutting oil, oily rags and other combustible matter. Excessive amounts of cast iron borings or organic materials may encourage heating. Self-heating or inadequate ventilation may cause dangerous depletion of oxygen in cargo spaces.
Precautions
Only an abstract, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
The surface temperature of the cargo shall be monitored and recorded daily during the voyage. Temperature readings shall be taken in such a way as not to require entry into the cargo space or, alternatively if entry is required for this purpose, at least two sets of self-contained breathing apparatus, additional to those required by SOLAS regulation II-2/10.10 should be provided. Entry into the cargo spaces containing this cargo shall only be permitted for trained personnel wearing self-contained breathing apparatus when the main hatches are open and after adequate ventilation is conducted or for personnel using appropriate breathing apparatus.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Ferrosilicon with 25% to 30% silicon, or 90% or more with silicon (including briquettes)
Description
Ferrosilicon is an extremely heavy cargo.
Hazard
In contact with moisture or water it may evolve hydrogen, a flammable gas which may form explosive mixtures with air and may, under similar circumstances, produce phosphine and arsine, which are highly toxic gases.
Precautions
Only an abstract, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
Two sets of self-contained breathing apparatus shall be carried in the ship in addition to normal fire-fighter's outfit. For quantitative measurements of hydrogen, phosphine and arsine, suitable detectors for each gas or combination of gases shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detectors shall be of certified safe type for use in explosive atmosphere.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Ferrosilicon with 30% or more but less than 90% silicon (including briquettes), UN 1408
Description
Ferrosilicon is an extremely heavy cargo.
Hazard
In contact with moisture or water it may evolve hydrogen, a flammable gas which may form explosive mixtures with air and may, under similar circumstances, produce phosphine and arsine, which are highly toxic gases.
Precautions
Only an abstract, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
For quantitative measurements of hydrogen, phosphine and arsine, suitable detectors for each gas or combination of gases shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detectors shall be of certified safe type for use in explosive atmosphere. The concentrations of these gases in the cargo spaces carrying this cargo shall be measured regularly, during voyage, and the results of the measurements shall be recorded and kept on board. Water shall not be used for cleaning of the cargo space which has contained this cargo, because of danger of gas.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Ferrophosphorus (including briquettes)
Description
An alloy of iron and phosphorus used in the steel industry.
Hazard
May evolve flammable and toxic gases (e.g., phosphine) in contact with water.
Precautions
Water shall not be used for cleaning of the cargo space which has contained this cargo, because of danger of gas.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Direct Reduced Iron (C) By-product fines
Description
Direct reduced iron (DRI) (C) is a porous, black/grey metallic material generated as a by-product of the manufacturing and handling processes of DRI (A) and/or DRI (B). The density of DRI (C) is less than 5,000 kg/m3.
Hazard
There is a risk of overheating, fire and explosion during transport. This cargo reacts with air and with fresh water or seawater, to produce hydrogen and heat. Hydrogen is a flammable gas that can form an explosive mixture when mixed with air in concentrations above 4% by volume. Cargo heating may generate very high temperatures that are sufficient to lead to self-heating, auto-ignition and explosion. Oxygen in cargo spaces and in enclosed adjacent spaces may be depleted. Flammable gas may also build up in these spaces. All precautions shall be taken when entering cargo and enclosed adjacent spaces. The reactivity of this cargo is extremely difficult to assess due to the nature of the material that can be included in the category. A worst case scenario should therefore be assumed at all times.
Precautions
This is only an abstract of the content, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
Cargo spaces containing this cargo and adjacent spaces may become oxygen-depleted. For quantitative measurements of hydrogen and oxygen, suitable detectors shall be on board while this cargo is carried.
Direct Reduced Iron (B) Lumps, pellets, cold-moulded briquettes
Description
Direct reduced iron (DRI) (B) is a highly porous, black/grey metallic material formed by the reduction (removal of oxygen) of iron oxide at temperatures below the fusion point of iron. Cold-moulded briquettes are defined as those which have been moulded at a temperature less than 650oC or which have a density of less than 5,000 kg/m3. Fines and small particles under 6.35 mm in size shall not exceed 5% by weight.
Hazard
There is a risk of overheating, fire and explosion during transport. This cargo reacts with air and with fresh water or seawater to produce heat and hydrogen. Hydrogen is a flammable gas that can form an explosive mixture when mixed with air in concentrations above 4% by volume. The reactivity of this cargo depends upon the origin of the ore, the process and temperature of reduction, and the subsequent ageing procedures. Cargo heating may generate very high temperatures that are sufficient to ignite the cargo. Build-up of fines may also lead to self-heating, auto-ignition and explosion. Oxygen in cargo spaces and enclosed spaces may be depleted.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary. --- Cargo spaces containing this cargo and adjacent spaces may become oxygen-depleted. Flammable gas may also build up in these spaces. All precautions shall be taken when entering the cargo spaces. --- The ship shall be provided with the means for reliably measuring the temperatures at several points within the stow, and determining the concentrations of hydrogen and oxygen in the cargo space atmosphere on voyage whilst minimizing as far as practicable the loss of the inert atmosphere.

MED Approval for gas detetion devices
MED Approval required certificats of EMC, newest ATEX standard and measuring performance certificates: for Ex Sensor, Oxygen Sensor and Software

  • Dräger X-am 2000 (pending)
  • Dräger X-am 5000
  • Dräger X-am 5600
  • Dräger X am 7000
  • Dräger Pac 7000

MED Approval

  • Dräger accuro

SOLAS and MED approval for Self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) BA Sets

  • PAS Lite
  • PSS 3000
  • PSS 5000
  • PSS 7000

SOLAS and MED Approval for Escape equipment

  • Saver CF (10/15)
  • Saver PP (10/15)
  • Oxy K 30 H / HS / HW

SOLAS Approval for CPS

  • WorkMaster Pro-ET
  • WorkMaster Umex
  • WorkMaster Industry
  • TeamMaster Pro-ET
  • TeamMaster Umex
  • Dräger SPC 3800
  • Dräger CPS 5800
  • Dräger CPS 5900
  • Dräger CPS 7900

The Dräger IMSBC Code database provides information about personal protective equipment needed during stowage and shipment of bulk cargoes. In accordance with the  International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) code, the Dräger IMSBC Code provides information on the dangers associated with the shipment of certain types of solid bulk cargoes and provides an overview of the PPE required.

How does the Dräger IMSBC Code tool work?
Click on the alphabet the substance you need to ship. After selecting one or multiple substances you will read information about the Hazard and Precaution of the substance.
In the schedule you will find an overview of the personal protective equipment  needed according to IMSBC.

Click on the column titles for product information.

More information about the required or recommended products is also available on www.draeger.com, or contact your local Dräger office.

Direct Reduced Iron (A) Briquettes, hot-moduled

Description
Direct reduced iron (A) is a metallic grey material, moulded in a briquette form, emanating from a densification process whereby the direct reduced iron (DRI) feed material is moulded at a temperature greater than 650oC and has a density greater than 5,000 kg/m3. Fines and small particles (under 6.35 mm) shall not exceed 5% by weight.

Hazard
This is only an abstract of the content, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
Cargo spaces containing this cargo and adjacent spaces may become oxygen-depleted. Flammable gas may also build up in these spaces. All precautions shall be taken upon entering the cargo and adjacent spaces. For quantitative measurements of hydrogen, a suitable detector shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detector shall be suitable for use in an oxygen depleted atmosphere and of a type certified safe for use in an explosive atmosphere.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.

Diammonium Phosphate (D.A.P.)

Description
Odourless white crystals or powder. Depending on source it can be dusty. Hygroscopic.

Hazard
This cargo is hygroscopic and may harden in the cargo space under humid conditions.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.

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