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Welcome to the Dräger IMSBC Code website
Recommendation for personal protection and gas detection equipment based on the requirements of the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) code

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Gloves/Boots Eye Protection Protective Clothing (SOLAS) Masks and Filters SCBA and EEBD (MED / SOLAS) Gas Detectors (MED)

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Cryolite
Description
A fluoride of sodium and aluminium used in the production of aluminium and for ceramic glazes. Grey pellets.
Hazard
Prolonged contact may cause serious damage to the skin and nervous system.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Copra (dry)
Description
Dried kernels of coconuts with a penetrating rancid odour which may taint other cargoes.
Hazard
Liable to cause oxygen depletion in the cargo space.
Precautions
Entry into the cargo space for this cargo shall not be permitted until the cargo space has been ventilated and the atmosphere tested for concentration of
oxygen.
Coal Slurry
Description
Coal slurry is a mixture of fine particles of coal and water.
Hazard
Coal slurry is liable to liquefy during sea transport. Spontaneous combustion is possilbe fi the coal dries oout but is unlikley under normal conditions. No special hazards. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.
Precautions
Ventilation: as this cargo in general, may emit methane, the cargo spaces carrying this cargo shall be tested regularly using a suitable gas detector and natural surface ventilation shall be conducted, as necessary.
Coal
Description
Coal (bituminous and anthracite) is a natural, solid, combustible material consisting of amorphous carbon and hydrocarbons.

Hazard
This is only an abstract of the content, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
Coals may emit methane, a flammable gas. Coals may be subject to oxidation, leading to depletion of oxygen and an increase in carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide concentrations in the cargo space. The ship shall be suitably fitted and carry on board appropriate instruments for measuring the following without requiring entry in the cargo space:

  1. concentration of methane in the atmosphere;
  2. concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere;
  3. concentration of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere;
Precautions
This is only an abstract of the content, for the full text please see IMSBC Code:
Procedures for gas monitoring of coal cargoes Sampling and measurement procedure>
Chromite Ore
Description
Concentrates or lumpy, dark grey in colour.
Hazard
Toxic by dust inhalation.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Charcoal
Description
Wood burnt at a high temperature with as little exposure to air as possible. Very dusty, light cargo. Can absorb moisture to about 18 to 70% of its weight. Black powder or granules.
Hazard
Liable to cause oxygen depletion in the cargo space.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Chamotte
Description
Burned clay. Grey. Shipped in the form of fine crushed stone. Used by zinc smelters and in manufacture of firebrick (road metal). Dusty.
Hazard
No special hazards. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Cement Clinkers
Description
Cement is formed by burning limestone with clay. This burning produces rough cinder lumps that are later crushed to a fine powder to produce cement. The rough cinder lumps are called clinkers and are shipped in this form to avoid the difficulties of carrying cement powder.
Hazard
No special hazards. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Castor Beans or Castor Meal or Castor Pomace or Castor Flake, UN 2969
Description
The beans from which castor oil is obtained.
Hazard
Contain a powerful allergen which, by inhalation of dust or by skin contact with crushed bean products, can give rise to severe irritation of the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes in some persons. They are also toxic by ingestion.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Precautions
Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear). Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Carborundum
Description
A hard black crystalline compound of carbon and silicon. Odourless. No moisture content.
Hazard
Slightly toxic by inhalation.
Precautions
Personnel involved in cargo handling should wear protective clothing and dust filter masks.
Calcium Nitrate, UN 1454
Description
White deliquescent solid soluble in water. The provisions of this Code should not apply to the commercial grades of calcium nitrate fertilizers consisting mainly of a double salt (calcium nitrate and ammonium nitrate) and containing not more than 10% ammonium nitrate and at least 12% water of crystallization.
Hazard
This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet. This cargo is harmful if swallowed.
Precautions
Protective clothing (gloves, boots, coveralls, headgear). Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Brown Coal Briquettes
Description
Brown coal (lignite) briquettes are manufactured by pressing dried brown coal particles into compressed blocks.
Hazard
Briquettes are easily ignited, liable to spontaneous combustion and will deplete oxygen in cargo space. When spontaneous heating occurs, flammable and toxic gases, including carbon monoxide, may be produced.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary. The ship shall be suitably fitted and carry on board appropriate instruments for measuring the following without requiring entry into the cargo space:

  1. concentration of methane in the atmosphere above the cargo and opening cargo space enclosures;
  2. concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere above the cargo;
  3. concentration of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere above the cargo;
(this is only an abstract of the precautions, for the full text please look in the IMSBC code)
Borax Anhydrous (crude or refined)
Description
Crude is normally of yellow white appearance. When highly refined becomes white crystalline. Dusty and hygroscopic.
Hazard
Dust is very abrasive and irritating, but not toxic, if inhaled.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Borax (pentahydrate crude)
Description
A chemical compound of boracic acid and soda. Free flowing powder or granules. Grey colour. Dusty.
Hazard
No special hazards. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk. This cargo is hydroscopic and will cake if wet.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Biosludge
Description
Heat-dried activated sludge. Very fine granular product. Moisture: 3% to 5%. Black speckled colour.
Hazard
No special hazards. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Antimony Ore and Residue
Description
Lead grey mineral, subject to black tarnish.
Hazard
If involved in a fire, dangerous fumes of antimony and sulphur oxides can evolve.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Ammonium Sulphate
Description
Brownish grey to white crystals. Soluble in water. Free flowing. Absorbs moisture. Moisture content 0.04% to 0.5%. Ammonia odour. Subject to natural loss in weight.
Hazard
Dust may cause skin and eye irritation. Harmful if swallowed.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Ammonium Nitrate Based Fertilizer (non-hazardous)

Description
Crystals, granules or prills non-cohesive when dry. Wholly or partly soluble in water. Ammonium nitrate based fertilizers transported in conditions mentioned in this schedule are uniform mixtures containing ammonium nitrate as the main ingredient within the following composition limits:

  1. not more than 70% ammonium nitrate with other inorganic materials;
  2. not more than 80% ammonium nitrate mixed with calcium carbonate and/or dolomite and not more than 0.4% total combustible organic material calculated as carbon;
  3. nitrogen type ammonium nitrate based fertilizers containing mixtures of ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate with not more than 45% ammonium nitrate and not more than 0.4% total combustible organic material calculated as carbon;
  4. uniform ammonium nitrate based fertilizer mixtures of the nitrogen, phosphate or potash, containing not more than 70% ammonium nitrate and not more than 0.4% total combustible organic material calculated as carbon or with not more than 45% ammonium nitrate and unrestricted combustible material.

Fertilizers within these composition limits are not subject to the provisions of this schedule when shown by a trough Test (see UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III, subsection 38.2) that they are liable to self-sustaining decomposition or if they contain an excess of nitrate greater than 10% by mass.

Hazard
Even though this cargo is classified as non-hazardous, it will behave in the same way as the ammonium nitrate based fertilizers classified in class 9 under UN 2071 when heated strongly, by decomposing and giving off toxic gases. The speed of the decomposition reaction is lower, but there will be a risk of toxic fumes in the cargo space and on deck if the cargo is strongly heated. Fertilizer dust might be irritating to skin and mucous membranes. This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carriedProtective clothing (boots, gloves, coveralls, and headgear). Self-contained breathing apparatus. -- Heat transferred from fire in an adjacent space can cause the material to decompose with consequent evolution of toxic fumes.
Ammonium Nitrate Based Fertilizer, UN 2071

Description
Crystals, granules or prills. Wholly or partly soluble in water. Hygroscopic. Ammonium nitrate-based fertilizers classified as UN 2067 are uniform mixtures containing ammonium nitrate as the main ingredient within the following composition limits:

  1. Not less than 90% ammonium nitrate with not more than 0.2% total combustible/ organic material calculated as carbon and with added matter, if any, which is inorganic and inert towards ammonium nitrate; or
  2. Less than 90% but more than 70% ammonium nitrate with other inorganic materials or more than 80% but less than 90% ammonium nitrate mixed with calcium carbonate and/or dolomite and not more than 0.4% total combustible/organic material calculated as carbon; or
  3. Ammonium nitrate-based fertilizers containing mixtures of ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate with more than 45% but less than 70% ammonium nitrate and not more than 0.4% total combustible organic material calculated as carbon such that the sum of the percentage compositions of ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate exceeds 70%.
Hazard
If heated strongly decomposes, risk of toxic fumes and gases which support combustion, in the cargo space and on deck. Fertilizer dust might be irritating to skin and mucous membranes. This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary. -- The temperature of this cargo shall be monitored and recorded daily during the voyage to detect decomposition resulting in spontaneous heating and oxygen depletion.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Protective clothing (boots, gloves, coveralls, and headgear). Self-contained breathing apparatus. -- Heat transferred from fire in an adjacent space can cause the material to decompose with consequent evolution of toxic fumes.
Ammonium Nitrate, UN 1942
Description
White crystals, prills or granules. Wholly or partly soluble in water. Supporter of combustion. Hygroscopic. With not more than 0.2% total combustible material, including any organic substance, calculated as carbon to the exclusion of any other added substance
Hazard
If heated strongly, this cargo decomposes, giving off toxic gases and gases which support combustion. Ammonium nitrate dust might be irritating to skin and mucous membranes. This cargo is hygroscopic and will cake if wet.
Precautions
As far as reasonably practicable, combustible securing and protecting materials shall not be used. -- Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Protective clothing (boots, gloves, coveralls, and headgear). Self-contained breathing apparatus. -- Heat transferred from fire in an adjacent space can cause the material to decompose with consequent evolution of toxic fumes.
Aluminium Smelting by-Products or Aluminium Remelting by-Products, UN 3170
Description
Aluminium smelting by-products are wastes from the aluminium manufacturing process. Grey or black powder or lumps with some metallic inclusions. The term encompasses various different waste materials, which include but are not limited to: -- ALUMINIUM DROSS SPENT CATHODES ALUMINIUM SALT SLAGS SPENT POTLINER
ALUMINIUM SKIMMINGS
Hazard
Contact with water may cause heating with possible evolution of flammable and toxic gases such as hydrogen, ammonia and acetylene. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk. Fire is unlikely but may follow an explosion of flammable gas and will be difficult to extinguish. In port, flooding maybe considered, but due consideration should be given to stability.
Precautions
At least two self-contained breathing apparatus, in addition to those required by SOLAS regulation II-2/10.10, shall be provided on board. -- For quantitative measurements of hydrogen, ammonia and acetylene, suitable detectors for each gas or combination of gases shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detectors shall be of certified safe type for use in explosive atmosphere. The concentrations of these gases in the cargo spaces carrying this cargo shall be measured regularly, during voyage, and the results of the measurements shall be recorded and kept on board.
Aluminum Silicon Powder Uncoated, UN 1398
Description
Powder
Hazard
In contact with water may evolve hydrogen, a flammable gas which may form explosive mixtures with air. Impurities may, under similar circumstances, produce phosphine and arsine, which are highly toxic gases. May also evolve silanes, which are toxic and may ignite spontaneously.
Precautions
At least two sets of self-contained breathing apparatus, in addition to those required by SOLAS regulation II-2/10.10, shall be provided on board. For quantitative measurements of hydrogen, phosphine, arsine, suitable detectors for each gas or combination of gases shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detectors shall be of certified safe type for use in explosive atmosphere. The concentrations of these gases in the cargo spaces carrying this cargo shall be measured regularly, during the voyage, and the results of the measurements shall be recorded and kept on board.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Aluminium Nitrate, UN 1438
Description
Colourless or white crystals. Soluble in water.
Hazard
If involved in a fire will greatly intensify the burning of combustible materials and yield toxic nitrous fumes. Although non-combustible, mixtures with combustible material are easily ignited and may burn fiercely.
Precautions
Due regard shall be paid to prevent contact of the cargo and combustible material.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Protective clothing (gloves, overalls, headgear). Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Aluminium Ferrosilicon Powder, UN 1395
Description
Fine powder or briquettes.
Hazard
In contact with water may evolve hydrogen, a flammable gas which may form an explosive mixture in air. Impurities may, under similar conditions, produce phosphine and arsine, which are highly toxic gases.
Precautions
At least two sets of self-contained breathing apparatus, in addition to those required by SOLAS regulation II-2/10.10, shall be provided on board. For quantitative measurements of hydrogen, phosphine and arsine and silane, suitable detectors for each gas or combination of gases shall be on board while this cargo is carried. The detectors shall be of certified safe type for use in explosive atmosphere. The concentrations of these gases in the cargo spaces carrying this cargo shall be measured regularly, during the voyage, and the results of the measurements shall be recorded and kept on board.
Emergency Procedures Special Emergency Equiment to be carried
Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Alumina Silica, Pellets
Description
White to off-white. No moisture content.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.
Alumina Silica
Description
White, consists of alumina and silica rystals. Low moisture content (1% to 5%). Lumps 60%. Coarse grained powder – 40%. This cargo is insoluble in water.
Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.

MED Approval for gas detetion devices
MED Approval required certificats of EMC, newest ATEX standard and measuring performance certificates: for Ex Sensor, Oxygen Sensor and Software

  • Dräger X-am 2000 (pending)
  • Dräger X-am 5000
  • Dräger X-am 5600
  • Dräger X am 7000
  • Dräger Pac 7000

MED Approval

  • Dräger accuro

SOLAS and MED approval for Self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) BA Sets

  • PAS Lite
  • PSS 3000
  • PSS 5000
  • PSS 7000

SOLAS and MED Approval for Escape equipment

  • Saver CF (10/15)
  • Saver PP (10/15)
  • Oxy K 30 H / HS / HW

SOLAS Approval for CPS

  • WorkMaster Pro-ET
  • WorkMaster Umex
  • WorkMaster Industry
  • TeamMaster Pro-ET
  • TeamMaster Umex
  • Dräger SPC 3800
  • Dräger CPS 5800
  • Dräger CPS 5900
  • Dräger CPS 7900

The Dräger IMSBC Code database provides information about personal protective equipment needed during stowage and shipment of bulk cargoes. In accordance with the  International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) code, the Dräger IMSBC Code provides information on the dangers associated with the shipment of certain types of solid bulk cargoes and provides an overview of the PPE required.

How does the Dräger IMSBC Code tool work?
Click on the alphabet the substance you need to ship. After selecting one or multiple substances you will read information about the Hazard and Precaution of the substance.
In the schedule you will find an overview of the personal protective equipment  needed according to IMSBC.

Click on the column titles for product information.

More information about the required or recommended products is also available on www.draeger.com, or contact your local Dräger office.

Alumina, calcined

Description
Light to dark grey in colour. No moisture content. This cargo is insoluble in water.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.

Barytes

Description
Crystalline ore mineral. A sulphate of barium. Moisture 1% to 6%.

Hazard
No special hazards. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.

Bariumnitrate, UN 1446

Description
Glossy white crystals or powder. Soluble in water.

Hazard
Toxic if swallowed or by dust inhalation. If involved in a fire mixture with combustible materials is readily ignited and may burn fiercely.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.

Precautions
Protective clothing (gloves, boots, overalls, headgear). Self-contained breathing apparatus.
Cement

Description
Cement is a finely ground powder which becomes almost fluid in nature when aerated or significantly disturbed thereby creating a very minimal angle of repose. After loading is completed de-aeration occurs almost immediately and the product settles into a stable mass. Cement dust can be a major concern during loading and discharge if the vessel is not specially designed as a cement carrier or shore equipment is not fitted with special dust control equipment.

Hazard
It may shift when aerated. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear protective clothing, goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks, as necessary.

Alumina

Description
Alumina is a fine, white odourless powder with little or no moisture. Insoluble in organic liquids. Moisture content: 0% to 5%. If wet, alumina is unpumpable. This cargo is insoluble in water.

Hazard
Alumina dust is very abrasive and penetrating. Irritating to eyes and mucous membranes. This cargo is non-combustible or has a low fire-risk.

Precautions
Persons who may be exposed to the dust of the cargo shall wear goggles or other equivalent dust eye-protection and dust filter masks. Those persons shall wear protective clothing, as necessary.

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